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The male partner involved in legal abortion

This gives her the opportunity to ask questions or express any concerns she has and to be treated with respect and dignity. Being able to express these feelings in a safe, supportive and non-judgemental environment can help prevent these feelings becoming overwhelming. Research shows that where women are able to make their own decision and are given support to do this, they will most likely experience a sense of relief and feel a continued sense of confidence in their decision. As well as talking to you, it may be helpful for her to talk about her feelings with supportive friends or family members. If she is finding these feelings unmanageable then it may be helpful to contact Social Work for post-abortion counselling or for referrals to other appropriate counsellors.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What female senators had to say about Alabama's abortion bill

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Alabama passes law banning abortion - DW News

Men Are Sharing Their Abortion Stories. Is That Helpful?

C Coyle. The Internet Journal of Mental Health. Research concerning elective abortion has focused on women. However, as men are involved in conception and termination, they may also be affected by abortion.

Empirical reports concerning the psychological impact of elective abortion on men are reviewed. Common findings suggest ambivalent reactions including relief, grief, and sadness, a desire on the part of men to support their partners, and a need for counseling programs for the male partners of women undergoing abortion.

Avenues for future research are discussed. The majority of research studies pertaining to post-abortion adjustment have focused on women. Coleman, Reardon, Strahan, and Cougle 1 provided a review of that research noting that the volume of such studies has increased substantially in the last three decades.

Adler 2 found that a common initial reaction to abortion among women was relief. Over time however, more negative reactions were observed including anxiety 3 and depression 4. Providing corroboration for this proposal, Gomez and Zapata 6 evaluated ten women with post-abortion syndrome and found that all of them met the diagnostic criteria for PTSD.

While the debate concerning the potential for harmful effects from abortion continues, there is general agreement that at least some women are negatively affected by abortion 7 , 8. In contrast to the growing body of research concerning the psychological impact of abortion on women, relatively few studies have addressed the psychological impact of abortion on men.

Likely reasons for this paucity of research include societal, political, and legal factors. Society continues to view abortion as a women's issue. Both the media and politicians portray abortion as being of consequence to women only. Therefore, many people give little thought or attention to male partners' reactions to elective abortion. Legally, the inclusion of men in the abortion debate would severely complicate the issue.

If men were accorded legal rights in abortion decisions as they currently are in both adoption decisions and those concerning frozen embryos , there would be enormous challenges in deciding between the competing legal claims of fathers and mothers.

Furthermore, due to the time apt to be spent in litigation, women may be unable to obtain abortion until later in pregnancy which would significantly increase the risks of the procedure. Given these challenges, few philosophers or legal scholars have tackled the issue of men's rights in abortion decisions.

Also, Brake 10 contends that if a man takes preventive measures to avoid pregnancy and it occurs in spite of his efforts, he should not be held responsible for support of the child conceived. Legal arguments have tended to focus on this inequity between men's lack of legal power regarding termination of pregnancy and their liability for child support 12 , There have been a few publicized cases in which men attempted to prevent an abortion such as that of John Stachokus Stachokus and his attorney were able to obtain a temporary injunction prohibiting his partner's abortion.

However, the injunction was suspended one week later. The social, political, and legal constraints noted here have deterred research regarding post-abortion men directly and also indirectly by contributing to difficulties in obtaining funds for such research. In contrast, the effects of other forms of pregnancy loss on men as well as men's responses to impending fatherhood have been investigated. Others have documented hormonal changes in men that occur during pregnancy and soon after birth 16 , In addition, pregnancy has been recognized and discussed as an important period of men's development 18 , 19 , Men are involved in conception, decisions concerning pregnancy outcome, and abortion aftermath.

Elective abortion surely involves some sense of loss for many of the men whose partners undergo abortion. Given the inequality between men and women in abortion decisions, one might reasonably expect at least some men to be negatively affected.

Yet, men's tendency to comply with society's expectations by repressing their emotions may effectively prevent others from appreciating their suffering. As members of a society which restricts the discussion of abortion as a woman's right, post-abortion men may be confused by their reactions, unsure of their roles or responsibilities, and unlikely to seek help.

While it would seem that this population would be of great interest to psychologists and social scientists, only a small number of empirical reports have been published. This paper offers a review of those reports regarding the psychological impact of elective abortion on men. Numerous data sources were searched for publications in peer-reviewed journals as well as for scholarly books and book chapters published between January the month and year elective abortion was legalized in the United States and July Searches produced the following results as shown in Table Only those studies regarding the psychological, relational, social, or sexual impact of elective abortion on men were included in this review.

Publications concerning men's legal issues, men's general attitudes toward abortion, demographic descriptions of men involved in abortion, contraceptive use prior to abortion, men's influence on the psychological adjustment of their female partners after abortion, philosophical papers, and doctoral dissertations were eliminated as were those articles concerning spontaneous abortion or pregnancy loss via stillbirth.

Those papers dealing with abortion decision-making were also eliminated with the exception of one study. This single study was included because it looked at the relationship between decision-making and post-abortion distress.

Given the goal of this review i. As a result of these elimination criteria, only 28 professional publications were found to deal specifically with the effects on male partners of women who undergo elective abortion. Sample size ranged from one to 2, and some of the publications involved the same or overlapping samples. Two of the papers reviewed here used the same sample of 46 men 21 , Three other papers were found using the same sample, with one including all 75 men in the original sample, one including 11 men from the larger sample, and one focusing on a subsample of 26 men 23 , 24 , Three papers and a book chapter were based on the same sample of 60 men 26 , 27 , 28 , Two other studies used an overlapping sample 30 , Finally, Myburgh, Gmeiner, and van Wyk 32 , 33 based both reports on a sample of nine men.

As a result, although 28 publications are reviewed, they are based on only 20 completely independent samples. Nevertheless, each paper is reviewed individually as the authors chose to do either a follow-up study with the original sample or more in-depth interviews with their research participants. Six of the samples were recruited in four countries other than the United States.

Pertinent publications are comprised of case studies, clinical observations, intervention studies, qualitative interview studies, and quantitative survey studies. Some of the studies used both quantitative and qualitative methods see Table 2. Studies tended to be exploratory and descriptive regardless of specific methodology. Only four investigations 30 , 31 , 38 , 39 specified hypotheses and used quantitative methods.

Others, such as Rothstein 28 , 29 combined qualitative, clinical, and case study perspectives. Publications are reviewed according to their predominant classification. Berger 40 presented three case studies in an exploration of the etiology of homosexuality. Two of the men were described as having had successful and satisfying heterosexual relationships in the past. In each case, they became exclusively homosexual after impregnating their female partners who then chose to abort.

Abortion is postulated as a possible etiology of homosexuality. While Berger does not suggest that all or even much of homosexuality can be attributed to abortion, his suggestion is interesting and logical given the patients' histories. At the very least, this may be a useful explanation for therapists to keep in mind when dealing with men who are not satisfied with their homosexual orientation.

Interpretive phenomenological analysis was used by Robson 35 to examine the response of a man who accompanied his female partner during a therapeutic abortion after a diagnosis of fetal abnormality. The man perceived his main role as that of support to his partner and this clearly defined role seemed to aid his coping ability.

Nevertheless, he experienced regret and intrusive thoughts about the abortion procedure. The author explores this man's role, his grief, and his coping mechanisms in light of both society's expectations for males and current theory concerning grief counseling.

Robson concludes by cautioning counselors not to expect or encourage men to grieve as women do. Rather, counselors should consider a man's need to contain emotion and to take on a supportive role as constructive behaviors which may do much to maintain his self-worth.

While this study is obviously limited by the fact that it is based on a single case, Robson has provided two important recommendations. First, advice to counselors concerning the differences in how men and women grieve is crucial if men's needs are to be met. Second, Robson raises the possibility of significant trauma for men who accompany their partners during abortion procedures.

Surely such traumatization would only hinder men's ability to support their partners after abortion. On behalf of both men's and women's welfare, it may be wise to reconsider encouraging men to remain with their partners throughout the abortion procedure.

Holmes 41 discussed the case of a young man, Mr. He ended the relationship shortly after finding out about the abortion. The major strength of Holmes' report is that it raises awareness among counselors to consider their male clients' reproductive histories.

In , Gordon and Kilpatrick 21 published a very general description of a group counseling intervention implemented with male clients in an abortion clinic. The program utilized principles from both crisis intervention and group psychotherapy models. Sample size and demographic information were not noted.

Basic concerns observed among the men included anxiety, helplessness, guilt, responsibility, and regret. Also, the male clients were observed to be using the following defense mechanisms: denial, projection, intellectualization, rationalization, and withdrawal. This report was one of the first to identify specific emotional reactions to abortion among men.

A serious limitation is the lack of sample description. It is unclear how many men were with their partners for preoperative visits and how many others were waiting for their partners during the abortion. Also, the men were assessed only at the clinic without any follow-up.

Whether the men were struggling with the same or different emotions weeks or months later would be valuable information for those attempting to counsel them. Mattinson 34 presented a paper at the Ciba Foundation Symposium concerning the impact of abortion on marriage. Mattinson observed that some couples who sought counseling reported a past abortion. Some consequences of abortion on marriage included inability to conceive in spite of no physical causes, emotional withdrawal, sexual and interpersonal conflicts, and a loss of trust.

Mattinson suggests that fathers may be particularly vulnerable to abortion loss as they are neglected by caretakers and expected by society to repress their emotions. Like women, they may suffer from delayed grief reactions after abortion.

A major strength of Mattinson's report is her observation that the male partners of women who have abortions tend to be unacknowledged. This is an earlier report of what Holmes 41 studied twenty years later, which attempts to draw attention to and advocate for a much neglected population.

Counselors are encouraged to screen both men and women after abortion and to provide early intervention so as to prevent or ameliorate impacted grief and complicated mourning subsequent to abortion.

Partners - Abortion and men

Men have the right to avoid conceiving unplanned pregnancies either by choosing not to have sex or to use condoms: currently condoms are the only form of contraception over which a man can take full responsibility. Her partner may be the first person a woman turns to when she discovers she is pregnant and so his views may very well influence her decision. However, under UK law he has no legal right to make her have an abortion or to prevent her from having one.

Metrics details. Making the final decision to terminate a pregnancy can be influenced by different circumstances involving various individuals. This paper describes the key players involved in the decision-making process regarding abortions among women who elected to undergo an induced abortion in a cosmopolitan urban setting in Ghana.

We are the hollow men We are the stuffed men. Our dried voices, when We whisper together Are quiet and meaningless. Remember us—if at all—not as lost Violent souls, but only As the hollow men The stuffed men. Eliot, The Hollow Men

When We Talk About Abortion, Let’s Talk About Men

Last May , when the Alabama state senate voted to effectively outlaw all abortions, every one of the 25 lawmakers who voted for the bill was a man. Similarly, in Georgia, male legislators who voted for the fetal heartbeat bill, which banned abortion as early as six weeks into pregnancy, far outnumbered the female yea votes. In these debates, men talk about abortion as an abstraction, as something that happens to women out there somewhere , but not to anyone they know personally. Rarely, though, do men talk about their own abortion stories. For the record, 57 percent of men in the U. One in four U. Most, we can reasonably assume, were impregnated by a man. In a special joint project with GQ and Glamour, I set out to find those stories. I found men through local abortion-rights chapters, online message boards, and organizations like We Testify and Shout Your Abortion , which collect and publish abortion stories.

Abortion: advice for men

C Coyle. The Internet Journal of Mental Health. Research concerning elective abortion has focused on women. However, as men are involved in conception and termination, they may also be affected by abortion.

Kero, A. Lalos, U.

All the contents of www. The Project envisages the development of a common methodology for the preparation, storage, dissemination and evaluation of scientific literature in electronic format. As the project develops, new journal titles are being added in the library collection.

"The Hollow Men": Male Grief & Trauma Following Abortion

Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky Inc. Our research shows that countries where abortion is illegal have higher rates of abortion than in the United States — figures which are largely a function of unwanted pregnancies. Nearly half of all pregnancies here are unintended, of which four in 10 end in abortion. But it takes two to make an unwanted pregnancy.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Modi govt moves to allow abortion up to 24 weeks of pregnancy, cites women’s reproductive rights

So sure, guys, yammer away all you want. Even the US supreme court says so. Not Alito, though — he thinks it would be perfectly constitutional to require that a married women inform her husband before getting an abortion. In fact, there are only a handful countries where and consent from the father is mandatory — including Syria, Saudi Arabia and Equatorial Guinea. Plus, the potential for abuse should men have any sort of legal say over abortion would be overwhelming: men who want to control what women do with their bodies are generally not men who have much respect for women.

12 Men Share Their Abortion Stories

The new Georgia law, signed recently by governor Brian Kemp , essentially criminalizes abortion before many women, or their partners, are aware of a pregnancy, health care providers say, which could lead to an uptick in unplanned births in the state. Almost half of all US abortions involved couples either married or cohabitating. Firstly, like most other US states, Georgia has relatively robust child support laws. Georgia, like other states, uses DNA testing to establish paternity, and claims an excellent record of tracking down men who owe child support. In addition, men who impregnate a woman in Georgia are also likely to bear the cost of prenatal care and childbirth bills, based on state legal precedent. It cannot be disputed that the state has a significant interest in the health of its children which, we conclude, the legislature sought to further by this provision of the statute.

Firstly, let her talk about it if she wants to, and make sure she is getting appropriate and supportive advice. A decision to have an abortion is not always an easy.

Photos via Wikimedia Commons. Most of the research on the topic deals with the female party involved in an unwanted pregnancy. So doctors and researchers can reach out to them directly for feedback, surveys, etc.

The paternal rights and abortion issue is an extension of both the abortion debate and the fathers' rights movement. Abortion is becoming a factor for disagreement and lawsuit between partners. At least 18 cases have been brought to the Supreme Court.

Legally, it is the woman who must make the final decision whether or not to have an abortion. We recognise that many partners are involved in this decision, so we involve them in the abortion consultation and treatment process, as much as possible. We must balance this partner involvement with preserving the dignity and privacy of our other female patients within our clinics too. Firstly , let her talk about it if she wants to, and make sure she is getting appropriate and supportive advice.

In India, unsafe abortion is the third leading cause of maternal death and it contributes 8 percent to all such deaths each year. Even though unmarried women in India have the legal right to abortion, they face challenges because of the secrecy, shame and stigma associated with premarital sex and abortion, in addition to difficulties accessing information and services.

Единственным освещением в шифровалке был разве что свет звезд над их головами, едва уловимое свечение проникало также сквозь разбитую стеклянную стену Третьего узла. Стратмор шагнул вперед, нащупывая ногой место, где начинались ступеньки узенькой лестницы. Переложив берет-ту в левую руку, правой он взялся за перила. Он прекрасно знал, что левой рукой стрелял так же плохо, как и правой, к тому же правая рука была ему нужна, чтобы поддерживать равновесие.

Джабба посмотрел на таблицу, что стояла на мониторе, и всплеснул руками. - Здесь около сотни пунктов. Мы не можем вычесть их все одно из другого. - Многие пункты даны не в числовой форме, - подбодрила людей Сьюзан.  - Их мы можем проигнорировать. Уран природный элемент, плутоний - искусственный.

Он распорядился установить жучок в личном компьютере Стратмора - чтобы контролировать его электронную почту, его внутриведомственную переписку, а также мозговые штурмы, которые тот время от времени предпринимал. Если Стратмор окажется на грани срыва, директор заметит первые симптомы. Но вместо признаков срыва Фонтейн обнаружил подготовительную работу над беспрецедентной разведывательной операцией, которую только можно было себе представить.

Неудивительно, что Стратмор просиживает штаны на работе.

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